Dental staining can be a problem that many will experience over their lifetimes, and can have knock-on effects on your confidence, as well as other areas of your health and wellbeing. So, what causes tooth staining, and what can you do to maintain good oral hygiene?

 

Whilst there are generally considered to be three types of tooth staining, one of the most obvious are called extrinsic stains. Extrinsic stains affect the outer surface of the teeth - the enamel - and are most often caused by pigmentation in things we consume, which also causes the staining on the enamel to gradually worsen over time. Common culprits for this kind of staining are every items like tea, coffee and carbonated soft drinks, as well as energy drinks, wine, and tobacco. 

 

Because some of the most common causes of extrinsic staining are stables of our diet (particularly tea and coffee!), discolouration of tooth enamel can be incredibly difficult to avoid in the long term - however, these stains are also the easiest to remove, and can be helped using basic preventative measures that you can implement on a day to day basis. 


Maintaining good oral hygiene and dental practices, as well as regular checkups with your dentist, can be a great long term preventative of extrinsic enamel staining.
Maintaining good oral hygiene can strengthen your tooth enamel significantly, helping to protect your teeth from decaying in later life. Eating a balanced diet is a big factor to your oral hygiene as there are many food habits that help to strengthen and protect teeth, such as 5 fruit and vegetables a day, and not snacking between meals. A top tip when trying to get your hygiene on track is to eat foods that contain a lot of starch, such as wholegrain rice, breads, and potatoes with the skin on them where possible.

 

With regular trips to your dental surgery, you can get your dentist or hygienist to show you different techniques for brushing and they can point out any areas that may need extra attention. Ensuring that you thoroughly brush and floss your teeth twice a day is important, using dental products of which contain fluoride. If your gums do bleed or hurt when brushing, or bad breath is constant, consult your dentist as it may indicate a problem.

 

Oral hygiene is still just as, if not more, important to maintain when you have dental implants as it will help to prevent diseases around the implants. Partaking in thorough cleaning and regular check-ups means you will be able to keep your new teeth healthy throughout your life. Taking care of the condition of your teeth is key to making the most out of your smile.

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